How to get rid of age spots?
Modified skin pigmentation can be of two types: 1. Vitiligo is the appearance of light spots on the skin, markedly different from the basic skin tone. 2. Hyperpigmentation – darkening of the skin, in the form of age spots. What causes the appearance of altered pigmentation? The appearance of age spots is possible at any age. If they appear in young people, then this is a consequence of hormonal changes in the body. The reason for the change may be the use of oral contraceptives or other drugs that affect the hormonal background of the body. What diseases may indicate a partial change in skin pigmentation: Diseases of the female genital sphere, inflammation, ovarian dysfunction. Liver disease. Chronic urogenital diseases. Diseases associated with thyroid dysfunction. Vitamin C deficiency. Sometimes the appearance of skin hyperpigmentation is due to the abuse of cosmetics, especially decorative cosmetics and cosmetics with an expired shelf life. Hyperpigmentation can be caused by cosmetic procedures such as facial cleansing and polishing. Due to improper skin care, after applying these procedures, photodermatitis may occur, and after it hyperpigmentation. The third, most common cause is skin aging. In people aged 40–50 years, you can notice a certain amount of dark spots on the skin. Skin cells are unable to interrupt the production of pigment. During menopause, hormonal imbalance worsens the situation. If trousers are hidden on their feet, makeup will eliminate the blemishes on their faces, age will still give out their hands. The back of the hand is most often exposed to sunlight. It is there that hyperpigmentation sites occur. Modified skin patches are called sun lentigo, or age spots. In pregnant women, the change in skin pigmentation is called chloasma. Chloasma – pigmented spots of sharp, irregular outlines. A variety can be the “dark line” – a ribbon-like band stretching in the forehead from temple to temple.
Prevention of hyperpigmentation: 1. Consumption of large amounts of vitamin C. If in winter and spring, lean on currants, citrus fruits, sweet peppers, take nicotinic acid, then in the summer season pigmentation will noticeably decrease. Approximate dosage of vitamins: vitamin C 1−1.5 g per day before meals and nicotinic acid (also vitamin PP) – 0.01 g per day after meals. Course duration 3 weeks. Before starting a course, be sure to consult with your therapist. 2. Folk remedies. For example, washing with sour milk will help preserve the whiteness of the skin. Before applying any cream, wipe your face with parsley juice. Effective masks from fresh cucumber. 3. Sun protection. It is imperative to use sunscreens with a high protection filter. The designation SPF and a number indication (from 4 to 60) indicate the degree of protection. To determine the amount of time you can be in the sun, multiply 15 by the number shown on the package of the cream. In the sunny season, do not forget to apply sunscreen on the back of your hands.
How to remove age spots: 1. Whitening creams and ointments. Apply them only under the supervision of a physician. Independent selection of such a cream can lead to the opposite effect. Self-medication in this case threatens with dermatitis. Some of the creams may contain mercury – this is a very toxic ingredient, so only a qualified specialist can prescribe the use of such a cream. Dermatologists prefer whitening ointments that do not contain water, therefore, toxic substances that can be contained in them, do not penetrate into the body. The first two weeks of using whitening creams or ointments should not be washed with running water. Use lotions, chamomile infusion. Also, the doctor may prescribe a medical cosmetics containing perhydrol, hydrogen peroxide, salicylic alcohol or lactic acid. Before using these products, you need to find out whether its components are allergenic to your skin. 2. Chemical peeling. Many beauty salons offer such a procedure, often not having the appropriate specialists to conduct it. Using weak solutions of glycolic, fruit or trichloroacetic acid, remove the top layer of the skin. Depending on the depth of the pigment spot, 4 to 10 sessions can be carried out with an interval of 15 days. Remember that chemical peels are inherently skin burns. It is not recommended to abuse this procedure. To carry out chemical peeling can only be a dermatologist. After this procedure, you must carefully protect the skin from sun exposure and apply nourishing and moisturizing creams. 3. Laser polishing. It will help not only remove pigment spots, but also return the skin a healthy color, improve its tone. Modern erbium lasers reduce the depth of thermal damage, reduce the recovery process by 4 times.